Some of the most significant developments in weaving usually involved more efficient ways to complete a task and to reduce labour. The evolution of weaving has seen several important events. Here are some of the biggest developments in weaving history.
A handloom was used manually and made use of warp and weft threads. The handloom created tension on the warp thread to make cloth faster. Handlooms are of various shapes and sizes with both complicated and straightforward designs. They first came into being sometime around the 13th century and were used extensively until the 1780s.
The flying shuttle was a further development in weaving which allowed more cloth to be produced at a more extensive length. John Kay patented the flying shuttle in 1733. It required the user to use a picking stick with a cord attached and using the wrist with the cord would move the shuttle to the opposite end. It was one of the most important inventions for the industrial revolution.
The loom then underwent a slow evolution towards automation with the invention of the patented power loom in 1785. Roberts loom in 1830, and the Lancashire Loom in 1841 all moved towards semiautomation. The Northrop Loom, invented in the late 1890s, could self thread and use a bobbin. It was another significant development that made weaving more economical as it could use half the labour of other handlooms. It was both an efficient and highly accurate weaver capable of cutting down on human error and safety issues.
Weaving started with just the hands and simple tools but soon developed into an intricate craft that went well beyond what a single a person could produce. The development of the handloom, flying shuttle and power looms are only just a few of the most significant steps in weaving evolution.